WORLD WAR I

GENESIS CZECHOSLOVAK LEGION
LEGION IN RUSSIA

LEGION IN FRANCE

IN THE ALLIED ARMED FORCES

EVACUATION
IN A FREE HOME

EPILOGUE

 

INTRODUCTION
PHOTOGALLERY
CONTACT



WORLD WAR I

The gunshots that 28 June 1914 put the Austrian archduke to death, are not the real cause of the start of the war machinery. Long before Germany is preparing a military plan - the "Schlieffen's plan", to attack France through neutral Belgium .

There are two world power groups standing against each other in the war waiting game:

  1. "Central Powers" - Germany and Austro-Hungary
  2. " Alliance " states - United Kingdom, France and Russia

The confrontations among the antagonized powers get gradually so deep and diplomatically unsolvable, that the assassination of Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo is a suitable pretext for the declaration of war and its start.

The strategic plan of the German command assumes that rapid and triumphal strike against France would decide the war at the western front, and then comes an offensive in the east. This plan fails because of the failure of military operations. The promise that soldiers come back home from the front "before the plum harvest" or at the latest "before leaves start to fall off trees in the year 1914" does not come true.

The war continues as a long trench warfare, full of losses that results in total economic exhaustion of the background. The war costs lives of three and half million dead soldiers from the side of Germany and the Central Power nations. The " Alliance " nations lose five million two hundred and fifty thousands soldiers. Taking this number into consideration it means that fifty thousand cartridges are shot on each dead soldier.

War declaration

•  28 July 1914 - Austro-Hungary declares war to Serbia;

•  1 August 1914 - Germany declares war to Russia;

•  3 August 1914 - Germany declares war to France;

•  4 August 1914 - Germany attacks Belgium. United Kingdom declares war to Germany;

•  6 August 1914 - Austro-Hungary declares war to Russia;

•  12 August 1914 - United Kingdom and France declare war to Austro-Hungary;

•  In August Japan joins Alliance in the war;

•  In November 1914 - Turkey joins Central Powers in the war.

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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